Managing Medications, Taking Insulin and Foot Care

​​​​​​​​Managing medications

Oral medications are often prescribed to help manage diabetes. Take them as directed by your family doctor and talk with your diabetes educator to ensure proper management is in place. A CNIB specialist can help you identify and mark your medications with high-contrast or tactile markings.

Taking insulin

If you have type 2 diabetes and a healthy diet, physical activity and oral medication aren’t keeping your blood sugar levels at target, it may be necessary to take insulin via pen, pump or syringe. You may be nervous at the thought of having to take insulin injections every day. Please don't be! A CNIB specialist can work with your diabetes educator to determine the adaptive techniques that will best help you take your insulin.

Foot care

Diabetes can lead to peripheral neuropathy (reduced sensation in the feet), and vision loss may prevent you from feeling or noticing blisters or cuts that, if untreated, can become infected and lead to serious complications.

It’s important to examine your feet regularly by touch. If you feel changes in the shape of your feet, feel sores or blisters, or notice that your feet are numb, painful or tingling, see a foot doctor (podiatrist or chiropodist). Even if you don’t feel changes, it’s important that you have your feet checked regularly by your health care provider, who should trim and file your toenails.

You can follow a daily foot care regimen that includes:

  • washing your feet in warm water.

  • checking the temperature of the water with your elbow or area of your arm that has good feeling.

  • checking your feet thoroughly – by touch – to make sure there are no cuts, cracks, ingrown toenails or blisters.

  • using a lighted magnifier or magnifying mirror to help you visually scan your feet. A swing-arm closed-circuit television can also assist you in scanning your feet if you have low vision.

  • cleaning cuts or scratches with soap and water.

  • applying lotion to heels and soles but not between the toes.

  • wearing clean socks and well-fitting shoes every day.

  • checking socks for dampness or odor that might signal problems you haven’t felt.

  • not walking barefoot.

  • turning your shoes upside down before putting them on and feeling inside with your hand for any stones or objects.

Back to top of page